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A Brief History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo the 18th largest country in the world is fraught with violence conflict and exploitation From the personal colony of King Leopold II of Belgium to the dictator Joseph Mobutu s personal piggy bank to a country divided by a twenty-year civil war the DRC has a history of division and conflict...

Congo Free State

Coordinat The Congo Free State also known as the Independent State of the Congo French √Čtat ind√©pendant du Congo was a large state in Central Africa from 1885 to 1908 It was privately owned by Leopold II of Belgium not by the government of Belgium of which he was the constitutional monarch Leopold was able to procure the region by convincing other Eurasian states at the Berlin...

Coard King Leopold Twice the monster Hitler was

Apr 07 2018 0183 32 In 1885 Leopold and his army of demons arrived And for 23 years until 1908 he hellishly colonized the Congo now known as the Democratic Republic of Congo...

King Leopold II Biography The Monster of the Congo

May 20 2019 0183 32 King Leopold II ruled over Belgium from 1865 to 1909 Today the memory of his reign still lives on and he is glorified with golden statues of his likeness in every major city in Belgium In history classes each generation is taught that he was a humanitarian who brought Christianity and the wonders of civilization to The Congo Free State...

A New Congo Crisis Origins Current Events in

Colonial Congo The Congo Free State a vast area covering much of central Africa was the dream of Belgian King Leopold II In 1885 he established control over a territory that had never been a single political or cultural region before...

Life Under Imperialist Power

Under rule of King Leopold II economic activity relied mostly on the export of rubber due to the vast amount of rubber and other natural resources available in the Congo There was a very high demand for rubber at the time due to the recent invention of the rubber bicycle and automobile wheel...

The Effects of King Leopold on the Population of the Congo

King Leopold II 1835-1909 of Belgium created the Congo Free State in 1885 as part of a professed desire to bring civilization and modernity to Africans The results proved devastating to the region...

mining activities in congo under leopold

mining activities in congo under leopold King Leopold s Soliloquy by Mark Twain Montclair State University- mining activities in congo under leopold whole of the internal and external activity of the Independent State of the Congo The organization of justice the army the industrial and commercial regimes of officials -- pals and pimps of mine unspeakable Belgians every one -- and...

History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Congo Free State was a corporate state privately controlled by Leopold II of Belgium through the Association Internationale africaine a non-governmental organizationLeopold was the sole shareholder and chairman The state included the entire area of the present the Democratic Republic of the CongoUnder Leopold II the Congo Free State became one of the most infamous international...

King Leopold II Biography The Monster of the Congo

In the period from 1885 to 1908 many well-documented atrocities were perpetrated in the Congo Free State today the Democratic Republic of the Congo which at the time was a colony under the personal rule of King Leopold II of the BelgiansThese atrocities were particularly associated with the labour policies used to collect natural rubber for export...

Belgian King Conveys Deepest Regrets For Brutal Colonial

Jun 30 2020 0183 32 The policies of Belgian King Leopold II left millions of people dead more than a century ago in the region that is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo...

Belgium s colonial crimes in the Congo A duty to remember

Historical context of the colonization of the Congo At the end of the 18 th century over a hundred years before the Congo was colonized by Leopold II the thirteen British colonies in North America were liberated from the British crown after fighting a war of independence As a result the United States of America was created in 1776 In other parts of the globe such as South-East Asia and...

Belgian Congo

By 1908 the territory was so poorly managed that an international furor condemning Leopold had erupted That same year in an attempt to stem this furor the Congo was ceded to Belgium and placed under the control of the Belgian government not its king Belgium then administered the Congo as a colony until independence in 1960...

10 Horrifying Facts About The Genocide In The Congo Free

Feb 20 2017 0183 32 When King Leopold got the legal right to take control of the Congo he started bleeding it dry for profits Stanley had reported temples of ivory and people had found caches of rubber there So Leopold was determined to make it profitable He turned two-thirds of the country into his own private land The people there were forced to work for him...

King Leopold The Belgian tyrant that committed some of

But the sad truth is King Leopold II got away with these atrocities for almost 25 years with the deaths of an estimated 10 million Congolese nationals It is generally accepted that more Africans were murdered under the rule of King Leopold II than Europeans murdered by Hitler in WW2 But the genocide of The Congo is not something that is...

Leopold II Biography Facts Legacy Britannica

Leopold II king of the Belgians from 1865 to 1909 He led the first European efforts to develop the Congo River basin Although he played a significant role in the development of the modern Belgian state he was also responsible for widespread atrocities committed under his rule against his colonial subjects...

The Atrocities of the Congo Free State Rubber Regime

Aug 11 2018 0183 32 When the Belgian King Leopold II acquired the Congo Free State during the Scramble for Africa in 1885 he claimed he was establishing the colony for humanitarian and scientific purposes but in reality its sole aim was profit as much as possible as fast as possible The results of this rule were very uneven Regions that were hard to access or lacked profitable resources escaped much of the...

Where Human Zoos Once Stood A Belgian Museum Now Faces

Sep 26 2018 0183 32 Leopold burned most of his colonial documents before he sold Congo to the Belgian state in 1908 Fifty years later Belgium built another mock African village at...

Democratic Republic of Congo profile

Jan 10 2019 0183 32 1879-87 - Leopold commissions Stanley to establish the king s authority in the Congo basin 1884-85 - European powers at the Conference of Berlin recognise Leopold s claim to the Congo...

Leopold and the Rape of the Congo

In the first place his operations were carried out in the name of the International Association of the Congo This Association independent of Belgium or any other state but completely under Leopold s private control proceeded to set up a sovereign state in the Congo with Leopold as king and its own army the Force Publique...

Congo Democratic Republic Of

The modern state of the Democratic Republic of Congo first began to be formed in the late 19th Century when King Leopold of Belgium claimed it as his own personal colony the Congo Free State Under Leopold the area covered by the Congo basin became a slave state with the aim of exporting as much rubber and ivory as possible at the lowest...

King Leopold Ghostdocx

For example in Congo under the rule of king Leopold there was high rate of cut down of rubber producing vine and other trees that were best suit in the production of timber COLONIALISM AND AFRICAN INDEPEDENCE 5 land that once had some beauty was destroyed through mining activities that had no benefit to the Africans...

Mining in the Republic of the Congo

Colonial During the colonial period the Republic of the Congo saw small-scale mechanized mining activiti During the 1960s French exploration companies identified vast evaporative zones containing sylvinite and carnallite mineralisation covering the Congo Basin In 1959 COMILOG commenced manganese extraction operations near the town of Moanda in Gabon just across the Congolese border...

Leopold II of Belgium

Early life Leopold was born in Brussels on 9 April 1835 the second child of the reigning Belgian monarch Leopold I and of his second wife Louise the daughter of King Louis Philippe of France The French Revolution of 1848 forced his maternal grandfather Louis Philippe to flee to the United Kingdom The British monarch Queen Victoria was Leopold II s first cousin as Leopold s father...

AMA Selling the Congo and Belgian imperialism

I m Matthew G Stanard PhD Associate Professor of History at Berry College and author of Selling the Congo A History of European Pro-Empire Propaganda and the Making of Belgian Imperialism Univ of Nebraska Press It is to me endlessly fascinating trying to understand why European states engaged in a new wave of overseas empire-building in the late 1800s how they sustained those...